Understanding Migraines: Symptoms, Causes and Triggers

A migraine is a strong headache that usually only affects one side of the head and can be quite painful. Nausea and vomiting are frequently associated with migraine symptoms, as are high light and sound sensitivity. The pain from a migraine attack can be so intense that it interferes with your regular activities, lasting anywhere from hours to days, and to that end, visiting a super speciality hospital in Patna for migraine treatment can prove to be helpful.

In some people, an aura, a warning indication, may emerge before or at the same time as the headache. Speech problems, tingling on one side of the face, an arm, or a leg, as well as vision issues like light flashes or blind spots, can all be symptoms of auras.

Medications, self-help techniques, and lifestyle modifications can aid in preventing or reducing the severity of specific migraines. Appropriate medication, along with self-care strategies and changes in lifestyle, could prove beneficial as potential migraine treatments.


Migraine symptoms can vary depending on its stage, although the average duration of a migraine is four hours or less.

Prodrome symptoms:

  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Food cravings
  • Increased urination
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Problems concentrating
  • Irritability and/or depression
  • Difficulty speaking and reading
  • Difficulty sleeping. Yawning

Aura symptoms:

  • Temporary loss of sight
  • Speech changes
  • Numbness and tingling
  • Disruptions to vision. You can experience hazy areas, see sparkles or lines, or feel as though you are looking through a kaleidoscope at the world.
  • A side of the body that is weak

Headache symptoms:

  • Neck pain and stiffness
  • Nasal congestion
  • Insomnia
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Anxiety, giddiness, or depression
  • Sensitivity to smell, sound, and light

Postdrome symptoms:

  • Inability to concentrate
  • Depressed mood
  • Fatigue
  • Lack of comprehension
  • Euphoric mood


Before a diagnosis of migraine is made, a comprehensive medical and family history is obtained, your symptoms are carefully assessed, and a physical examination is conducted to exclude any other possible migraine causes.

Imaging tests, such as a CT or MRI, may be used to exclude other possible explanations for migraine causes, such as:

  • Tumors
  • Abnormal brain structures
  • Stroke

Devices for migraine

Surgery for migraine is not advised as a form of migraine treatment; however, various medical devices have been researched and approved for use in reducing or enhancing nervous system activity to help with migraine attacks. The FDA has currently approved four neuromodulation therapies:

  • A handheld device called a single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulator generates a magnetic impulse that influences electrical signalling in the brain.
  • A small, non-invasive device called a transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulator uses electrical stimulation to target the vagus nerve in the neck.
  • Multi-channel brain neuromodulation system, a headset that can target many head nerves, and neurostimulator, a device that replicates supraorbital nerves with electrical stimulation
  • A headset with multi-channel brain neuromodulation technology that can stimulate several brain nerves

The optimum neuromodulation therapy for you and your unique migraine type should be discussed with your doctor. Visit a super speciality hospital in Patna today to address the various migraine symptoms there are.

Migraine in children

Many of the same migraine types that affect adults can also affect children.

Children may be more likely to experience migraine symptoms on both sides of the head until they are older adolescents. Back of the head pain from headaches is uncommon in youngsters. Their migraine bouts typically last two to seven days.

Some migraine subtypes are more prevalent in youngsters. Abdominal migraine is one of its more prevalent variations.

Abdominal migraine

In children with abdominal migraine, a headache could substitute for a stomach ache. Both mild and severe discomfort are possible. Pain typically occurs in the stomach, close to the belly button. However, the pain might not be localised. Perhaps all the gut feels is “sore.”

Your child can possibly suffer from headaches. Additional signs can include:

  • Lack of appetite
  • Nausea with or without vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light or sound

Children who experience stomach migraines are more likely to grow up with migraine symptoms that are more normal.

Migraine attacks and pregnancy

Many expectant women report fewer migraine headaches during their pregnancies. However, they could worsen as a result of unanticipated hormonal changes that occur after delivery. Attacks that occur during pregnancy require extra consideration to ensure that the attack’s origin is recognized.

There is still much to learn, but a recent small study by Trusted Source found that pregnant women with migraines had a greater incidence of:

  • Preterm or early delivery
  • Preeclampsia
  • A baby born with a low birth weight

Some migraine treatments might not be deemed safe to use while pregnant. Aspirin is one example of this. If you experience migraines while pregnant, consult your doctor to determine the best course of treatment that won’t harm the unborn child.


Chronic migraine headaches, while not curable, can be managed through medication. There are two types of medications used: abortive and preventative. Abortive drugs should be taken at the earliest indication of a migraine to potentially stop the headache process and minimize symptoms such as pain, nausea, and light sensitivity. A super-speciality hospital in Patna should be able to help you out with the most effective migraine treatment for you.

Preventative drugs may be administered if headaches are severe and occur more than four times per month, reducing the frequency and severity of headaches, and this would be defined by the relevant migraine causes there are. Over-the-counter drugs, such as ibuprofen, aspirin, acetaminophen, naproxen, and caffeine, can be effective for mild to moderate migraines.

However, overuse can result in headaches or dependence. FDA-approved over-the-counter medications for migraines include Excedrin® Migraine, Advil® Migraine, and Motrin® Migraine Pain. It is important to inform your doctor if you take over-the-counter painkillers more than twice or three times each week, as they may recommend stronger prescription drugs.


Migraine headaches can be debilitating and prevent people from engaging in daily activities like going to work or school. Thankfully, there are some techniques to potentially avoid getting migraine symptoms. If you are looking for an effective migraine treatment, visit a super speciality hospital in Patna today.

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