Air Pollution Alert: Unraveling The Most Common Diseases Caused By Air Pollution

Air Pollution

Globally, air pollution is the fourth major contributor to declining human health, following smoking, food hazards, and hypertension. India is in the midst of a severe health crisis, emphasized by the 2020 State of Global Air report from the Health Effects Institute (HEI). This necessitates a closer look at diseases linked to air pollution and its contributing factors.

Health Impact In Numbers:

The HEI report indicates dire consequences, reporting over one lakh infants under one month old succumbing to particulate matter pollution. In 2019, sustained exposure led to 1.67 million people unfortunately passing away from various ailments, emphasizing the critical need to address air pollution’s health risks in India.

Correlation With COVID-19:

The study establishes a clear correlation between increased air pollution and the prevalence of air pollution-related diseases. This correlation raises concerns about a potentially more severe impact of COVID-19 in regions with high air pollution levels.

Causes Of Air Pollution:

The primary contributors include indoor pollution, conflagrations, construction activities, burning of fossil fuels, outdoor burning of trash, and modes of transportation relying on fossil fuels.

Diseases Linked To Air Pollution:

  1. Asthma: Asthma, a prevalent illness induced by air pollution, leads to difficulties in breathing, excess mucus production, and airway constriction. Chronic exposure makes routine tasks challenging due to severe dyspnea.
  2. Bronchitis: Prolonged exposure to high levels of air pollution, mainly containing nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide, can cause acute or chronic bronchitis. Symptoms include coughing up thick mucus and persistent breathing difficulties.
  3. Lung Cancer: Prolonged exposure to harmful air pollution contributes to lung cancer. Symptoms include severe chest pain, coughing, wheezing, hoarseness, and weight loss.
  4. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): COPD, a persistent illness caused by air pollution, results in irreversible damage to the lungs, leading to breathing difficulties, wheezing, and a persistent cough. It increases the risk of severe conditions like bronchitis and emphysema.
  5. Birth Defects: Foetal and neonatal exposure to air pollution can result in congenital disabilities, including preterm birth, low birth weight, recurrent cough and cold, allergies, and neurological problems.
  6. Immune System Disorders: Exposure during pregnancy and infancy can lower immunity in infants, making them vulnerable to various health issues in later life.
  7. Pneumonia: Air pollution contributes to pneumonia, a dangerous lung infection that can be fatal, particularly affecting children and the elderly.

Addressing The Issue:

The rise in pollution-related diseases, including noise and water pollution, necessitates urgent action. Implementing sustainable and eco-friendly practices is crucial for long-term solutions. Meanwhile, medical insurance becomes vital in mitigating the impact of healthcare costs associated with pollution-related illnesses. *

Securing health insurance for senior citizens is essential to ensure comprehensive coverage and financial protection against potential healthcare expenses in their later years. Investing in critical illness insurance provides individuals with financial protection and peace of mind in the face of severe health conditions, offering support during challenging times. Claims are subject to terms and conditions set forth under the health insurance policy. *

While addressing pollution-related issues will take time, investing in family mediclaim policy provides a practical solution to the growing healthcare expenses associated with pollution-induced diseases. In India, where quality healthcare accessibility is a challenge, medical insurance is a crucial safeguard for individuals and families. Claims are subject to terms and conditions set forth under the health insurance policy. *

*Standard T&C Apply

Insurance is the subject matter of solicitation. For more details on benefits, exclusions, limitations, terms, and conditions, please read the sales brochure/policy wording carefully before concluding a sale.

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